TELESCOPES and BINOCULARS USED ON LAND AND SEA Telescopes, Binoculars, Spotting Scopes, Microscopes, Riflescopes, Astronomical Accessories,Refractor,Reflector,Monoculars,Night Vision,Cassegrain,GPS,Optical Tubes,Digital Camera,Eyepiece,Filters,Barlow,Lenses,Diagonals,Prisms,Tripods,Mounts,Finder Scopes,BinoViewers,Optics,Astronomy,Astrophotography,Laser Range Finders,Rangefinders, Best Rated
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TELESCOPES & BINOCULARS USED ON LAND AND SEA

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SECTION 1: SCOPE CITY`S GUIDE TO OPTICS

PART I: BASIC APPLICATIONS OF OPTICS

A. TELESCOPES & BINOCULARS FOR DAYTIME USE:

TELESCOPES & BINOCULARS USED ON LAND AND SEA

The most popular optical instruments used for this purpose are binoculars. Magnifying 6 to 12 times, they are relatively unaffected by atmospheric conditions, and they are a very cost-effective way of providing nearly instant access to views of land and sea objects. Some of the better binoculars provide images so clear they seem to "disappear" from the view.

One of the best types of telescopes for this purpose is the small refractor. It can be in a Spotting scope format (marvelous for sharp, contrasty, views of land features, boats, and people watching) or an astronomical refractor telescope format (which can be used on the sky at night as well as daytime objects).

One of the issues for any telescope, when used on land or sea, is that its image is not usually correctly oriented for daytime viewing. The image can be completely upside down and backwards, or just simply reversed left to right. Fortunately, spotting scopes have built-in image correctors, and astronomical refractors can have their images corrected by the simple addition of a correct-image diagonal. Astronomical telescopes composed of mirrors and lenses, usually referred to as compound telescopes, also can all have their images so corrected. Only the classic Newtonian reflectors cannot easily be corrected for use on land. In general, telescopes make powerful tools for daytime viewing on land or sea.

A telescope provides a magnified image of the object being viewed, and the magnification is caused by the interaction of eyepiece and focal length of the scope. Zoom eyepieces provide many different magnifications without changing eyepieces, or one can used fixed-power eyepieces to produce the image. Either way, daytime magnifications are usually confined to under 75 times (75X) because of turbulence in the air itself. When you magnify, you magnify everything - the image and the heat waves and distortion of the atmosphere. Because the sun is constantly heating up the air and the winds blow many different directions near the Earth's surface, any view through a telescope of a land or sea object will be a compromise between the atmosphere and the magnification used. The most pleasing views are usually found at 20X to 30X, with the higher powers reserved for those "just right" conditions.

We can successfully hand-hold an image still up to about 10X or 12X (typically where binoculars leave off). If higher powers are to be used, it will be necessary to use a mount of some sort. Fortunately, some very stable, high-quality, mounts can be had for very affordable prices. Whether using a high-power binocular, spotting scope, or astronomical telescope, the experts at Scope City will steer you to the right combination of products to make your viewing enjoyable.

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LAND, SEA AND NATURE BINOCULARS

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Vixen Optics 7x50 ZCF Foresta Binoculars, Waterproof / Fogproof
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Vixen Optics 7x50 ZCF Foresta Binoculars, Waterproof / Fogproof
Item No. 405-10150
Manuf. No. Vixen 14504

The Vixen Optics 7x50 ZCF Foresta is a unique triplet objective design binocular intended for outdoor enthusiasts. As a 7x50 binocular, it offers generous exit pupil and great stability for extended handheld viewing
MSRP: $490.00
Our Price: $349.99
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Vixen Optics Foresta 10x50 DCF HR Binoculars, BAK4 Roof Prisms, Waterproof / Fogproof
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Vixen Optics Foresta 10x50 DCF HR Binoculars, BAK4 Roof Prisms, Waterproof / Fogproof
Item No. 405-10140
Manuf. No. Vixen 14516

The Foresta 10x50 DCF HR from Vixen is a roof prism binocular that sports a lightweight, comfortable, and easy to use open-hinge design
MSRP: $560.00
Our Price: $399.99
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Vixen Optics Foresta 10x42 DCF HR Binoculars, BAK4 Roof Prisms, Waterproof / Fogproof
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Vixen Optics Foresta 10x42 DCF HR Binoculars, BAK4 Roof Prisms, Waterproof / Fogproof
Item No. 405-10130
Manuf. No. Vixen 14515

The Foresta 10x42 DCF HR from Vixen is a roof prism binocular with a lightweight, comfortable, and easy to use open-hinge design
MSRP: $500.00
Our Price: $359.99
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Vixen Optics Foresta 8x42 DCF HR Binoculars, BAK4 Roof Prisms, Waterproof / Fogproof
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Vixen Optics Foresta 8x42 DCF HR Binoculars, BAK4 Roof Prisms, Waterproof / Fogproof
Item No. 405-10120
Manuf. No. Vixen 14513

The Foresta 8x42 DCF HR from Vixen is a roof prism binocular that sports a lightweight, comfortable, and easy to use open-hinge design. The high-resolution optics are fully multicoated for enhanced viewing
MSRP: $490.00
Our Price: $349.99
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Vixen Optics Foresta 10x32 DCF HR Binoculars, Waterproof / Fogproof
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Vixen Optics Foresta 10x32 DCF HR Binoculars, Waterproof / Fogproof
Item No. 405-10110
Manuf. No. Vixen 14512

The Vixen Foresta 10x32's housing is crafted from a durable die-cast aluminum alloy that's nitrogen filled for water and fogproof performance in dynamic climates
MSRP: $490.00
Our Price: $349.99
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Vixen Optics Foresta 8x32 DCF HR Binoculars, Waterproof / Fogproof
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Vixen Optics Foresta 8x32 DCF HR Binoculars, Waterproof / Fogproof
Item No. 405-10100
Manuf. No. Vixen 14511

The Foresta 8x32 DCF HR from Vixen is a roof prism binocular that sports a lightweight, comfortable, and easy to use open-hinge design
MSRP: $390.00
Our Price: $279.99
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Konus Emperor Binocular 8X 42 Waterproof BAK-4 Green
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Konus Emperor Binocular 8X 42 Waterproof BAK-4 Green
Item No. 419-22335
Manuf. No. Konus 2335

These binoculars will leave you breathless with the impeccable brightness and clarity of their special BAK-4 prisms with Phase Correction
 
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Konus Emperor Binocular 8X 42 Waterproof Gun Metal Grey
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Konus Emperor Binocular 8X 42 Waterproof Gun Metal Grey
Item No. 419-22337
Manuf. No. Konus 2337

Designed and built to achieve a supreme optical quality, these binoculars will leave you breathless with the impeccable brightness and clarity of their special BAK-4 prisms with Phase correction
 
Our Price: $149.99
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Konus Emperor Binocular 10X 42 Waterproof Gun Metal Grey
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Konus Emperor Binocular 10X 42 Waterproof Gun Metal Grey
Item No. 419-22238
Manuf. No. Konus 2338

This is an advance coating technique that will force the light beams back into phase, thus improving the image definition and contrast and creating a sharper view, especially noticeable when observing fine details
 
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Pentax 8x21 UCF-R binoculars
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Pentax 8x21 UCF-R binoculars
Item No. 430-62650
Manuf. No. Pentax 62209

A great pair of binoculars, with stylish ultra-compact body which has rubber covered exterior to provide a sure grip and to protect the internal mechanisms
 
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Pentax 10 x 25 UCF-X II, Compact Weather Resistant Porro Prism Binocular with 5.0 Degree Angle of View
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Pentax 10 x 25 UCF-X II, Compact Weather Resistant Porro Prism Binocular with 5.0 Degree Angle of View
Item No. 430-62631
Manuf. No. Pentax 62212

The UCF X II-series models feature the PENTAX-original dual-axis eye-distance adjustment system to ensure precise alignment of the lens barrels
MSRP: $146.00
Our Price: $104.99
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Pentax 8 x 25 UCF-X II, Compact Weather Resistant Porro Prism Binocular with 6.2 Degree Angle of View
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Pentax 8 x 25 UCF-X II, Compact Weather Resistant Porro Prism Binocular with 6.2 Degree Angle of View
Item No. 430-62630
Manuf. No. Pentax 62211-PENTAX

Coupled with large 25mm objective lenses, high-refraction BaK4 glass prisms, multi-coated optical elements and aspherical eyepiece lens elements, it delivers high-quality images even under poor viewing conditions.
MSRP: $124.00
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Pentax DCF CS 10x42 Binocular Roof Prism Wide Angle FOV Waterproof Fogproof
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Pentax DCF CS 10x42 Binocular Roof Prism Wide Angle FOV Waterproof Fogproof
Item No. 430-62606
Manuf. No. Pentax 62556

DCF CS 10x42, Waterproof Fogproof
MSRP: $450.00
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Pentax DCF CS 8x42 Binocular, Roof Prism Wide Angle FOV Waterproof Fogproof
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Pentax DCF CS 8x42 Binocular, Roof Prism Wide Angle FOV Waterproof Fogproof
Item No. 430-62605
Manuf. No. Pentax 62555

DCF CS 8x42, Waterproof Fogproof
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Swarovski SLC 10x42 HD Waterproof/Fogproof Binoculars
Swarovski SLC 10x42 HD Waterproof/Fogproof Binoculars
Item No. 445-20055
Manuf. No. Swarovski 58210

The SLC HD now sports Swaroclean, Swarobright, Swarodur, and Swarotop coatings in addition to flouride containing HD lenses
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